We need to know, direct smoking or passive smoking are equally harmful. In fact, those who do not smoke, but must live or work with the smokers especially children still have a very high risk of infection by inhaling secondhand smoke. Children, Women and the elderly are particularly sensitive subjects with smoke. The situation that mothers smoking or secondhand smoke during pregnancy will cause danger to fetuses and young children. In fact, toxins in tobacco smoke increases the risk of miscarriage or stillborn fetus; increased risk of premature infants, low birth weight; increased risk of fetal suffering from respiratory problems. In young children, secondhand smoke can cause sudden death syndrome in infants, respiratory diseases, ear infections, asthma, slow the development of lung function, mental retardation … Many medical researchs see that the children under 6 years old living in families with smokers is easy suffering from respiratory disease 40% compared with children living in the household with nonsmokers. Some children also have higher risk of asthma compared to children in smoke-free environments 70 times. Some common diseases in children include:
1. Pathology of the respiratory system:
• Pathology of the upper respiratory tract: such as chronic rhinitis, chronic pharyngitis, chronic laryngitis, maxillary sinus cancer, throat cancer, laryngeal cancer.
• Pathology in the lower respiratory tract: chronic bronchitis, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer.
• Pulmonary pathology: pneumonia, dilated alveoli, lung cancer.
2. Effects on the nervous system and mental health: the recent prove that smoking reduces the number of nerve cells in the brain. As one of the causes of neurological defects, mental disorders in children.
2.1. Behavioral disorders: Women who smoke more than a half pack of cigarettes per day during pregnancy were significantly more likely to be born a child with behavioral disorders than nonsmoking women during pregnancy (P <001) The smoke can have a direct impact on development of the fetus and appears to be a strong independence risk factor for behavioral disorders in children (Lauren S. Wakschlag PHD, Benjamin B. LaheyPHD, PHD RolfLoeber and partners; General Psychiatry Journal, p. 54: 670, May 7/1997)
2.2. Hearing Disorders: Women smoking during pregnancy are one of the reasons influence listening, auditory processing levels and distinguish the sound of their child. Also small children exposed to passive smoke also have degree of auditory processing and distinguish sounds much worse than children without smoking and the prove found in children exposed to smoke before born (Dr.Joel S. McCartney, Department of Psychology, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada).
2.3. Attention Deficit hyperactivity Disorder-ADHD is the result of many causes. However, the researchers found, and the relationship between tobacco addiction and ADHD syndrome and may be the cause of this disorder in the children of mothers who smoke tobacco from 18 – 22 cigarettes / day, carboxyhemoglobin level (hemoglobin mounted carbon monoxide instead of oxygen) is focused on developing fetus reaches twice times than normal level. They speculate that the accumulation of carbon monoxide in the blood of fetus can lead to severe hypoxemia and make children develop unusual (Institute of Psychology at the University of Saskatoon, Canada).
Effects of Secondhand Smoke
How To Quit Smoking
3. Cancer at other parts: lip cancer, laryngeal cancer, esophageal cancer, bladder and kidney cancer, cervical cancer.
4. Vascular system pathology: atherosclerotic disease, coronary artery disease, arterial thromboembolic disease, stroke.
* Methods to protect yourself and your children from secondhand smoke:
If you are addicted to smoking or can not quit smoking at this time and you have a child or children living together, these steps will protect your child from the harmful effects of passive smoking:
• Educating people, especially wife and children about the dangers of secondhand smoke when smokers exhale.
• Always remember to smoke outside the house. Even if you are limiting smoking in the room, the smoke will occupy the rest of the house and very small particles and other harmful substances in tobacco smoke very easily come into the lung of your children.
• When going to work: Sit far from smoking areas in airports, train stations, etc …
• When you go out and back to home: Always sit in non-smoking areas of bars and restaurants or places often have signs prohibiting smoking.
• Take children to play; traveling in places where smoking is not allowed, it will help parents not be tempted to smoke.
• Try to spend more time walking outdoors, if the weather allows.
• Do not smoke in a car in journey – or smoke before or after and if embarking on a long car journey, only smoke when you stop a break in a place not affected to children or companions. Even if you see the wind blowing in the window of the car, the wind can cause smoke blown backwards in the car or on the sides of the seats inside. /.