Effects of Smoking While Pregnant? The Effects of Smoking on the Fetus and Newborn Baby
1 Stillbirth, intrauterine growth retardation and low birth weight
Smoking increases the risk of stillbirth due to smoke caused complications in the placenta and smoking make fetus develop slowly in the womb. In people who smoke, the risk of low birth weight from 3.4 to 4 times higher. The babies were born to mothers who smoke are less overweight than children of mothers who did not smoke around 170-200 grams because these children have not been fully developed. Low birth weight is an important risk factor for newborn health and even cause late complications later. Smoking causes lack of oxygen, reducing blood flow to the uterus, reducing transport of amino acids across the placenta and reduces zinc (an important mineral in the development process).
2. Increased risk of HIV transmission to the fetus
HIV-positive Women can infect the baby, but in women who smoke is higher. According to a study in HIV-positive mothers are found in people who smoke the rate is 3.3 times higher than non-smokers.
3. Birth defects
Some studies have shown that in pregnant women smoke over a package / day during pregnancy, the risk of birth defects is higher 1.6 to 2.3 times than non-smokers.
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4. Allergy Status
Mothers who smoke during pregnancy makes their child have an allergy risk 3 times higher than children of non-smoking mothers.
5. Sudden infant death syndrome
Smoking is an important risk factor for sudden death syndrome in infants. About 30% of the cases of sudden death in newborns can be prevented by their parents quit smoking.
6. Effect the intellectual of the next generation
Mothers smoke during pregnancy also affects long after birth. Children of smokers often have difficulties in cognitive, behavioral disorders and reduced learning ability in school. The researchers said the effects were caused by cigarettes released substances into the blood that damage the central nervous system. The reducing of oxygen may also have role cause this condition. Recent studies have shown that in the child of those who smoke during pregnancy, the rate of mental retardation increased by 50% compared with non-smokers and increase 70% in those who smoked from 1 package / day or more.